A discussion of the design construction and the architect of the eiffel tower

Eiffel Tower

To protect the tower from the elements, workers painted every inch of the structure, a feat that required 60 tons of paint. The committee agreed, the tower paid for itself in the first year, and Gustave Eiffel made a fortune. The reconstruction has been designed by Moatti-Riviere Architects aims to give greater reasons for tourists to pause on the first level before racing to the top for the maximum view.

Other Similar Structures Although it was the world's tallest man-made structure when first built, the Eiffel Tower has since fallen in the rankings as the tallest lattice tower and as the tallest structure in France.

We, writers, painters, sculptors, architects and passionate devotees of the hitherto untouched beauty of Paris, protest with all our strength, with all our indignation in the name of slighted French taste, against the erection … of this useless and monstrous Eiffel Tower … To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream.

But as time passed, people no longer wanted to see the tower go. A team of constructors, who had worked on the great metal viaduct projects, were responsible for the to workers on site assembling this gigantic erector set.

The Fascinating History and Controversial Construction of the Eiffel Tower

Each corner edge rests on its own supporting block, applying to it a pressure of 3 to 4 kilograms per square centimetre, and each block is joined to the others by walls.

Each of the 18, pieces used to construct the Tower were specifically designed and calculated, traced out to an accuracy of a tenth of a millimetre and then put together forming new pieces around five metres each.

Each leg rests on four concrete slabs each 6 m thickwhich required foundations of up to 22 m 72 feet in depth. Using his engineering genius, Eiffel designed two separate systems for the tower foundations, namely the dry foundation and the compressed air system.

As Eiffel himself explains: First the pieces were assembled in the factory using bolts, later to be replaced one by one with thermally assembled rivets, which contracted during cooling thus ensuring a very tight fit.

While fortunate to be working at a time of rapid industrial growth in France, Eiffel was also highly attuned to the merits of wrought-iron in architectural design, and willing to explore new techniques of prefabrication.

And it has a lot to offer. The construction mechanisms were reused in the final design — visitors traveled up and down along tracks that had been used to haul parts during construction.

One could have taken them for blacksmiths contentedly beating out a rhythm on an anvil in some village forge, except that these smiths were not striking up and down vertically, but horizontally, and as with each blow came a shower of sparks, these black figures, appearing larger than life against the background of the open sky, looked as if they were reaping lightning bolts in the clouds.

Each corner edge rests on its own supporting block, applying to it a pressure of 3 to 4 kilograms per square centimetre, and each block is joined to the others by walls.

For details of this form of Skyscraper Architecturesee William Le Baron Jenney - leader of the Chicago School of Architecture - whose Home Insurance Building - most of which was composed of cast and wrought iron - was built in Chicago four years prior to Eiffel's tower.

But the residents of local neighborhoods feared that it might tip and fall on their homes, only ceasing in their demands for a stop-work when Eiffel himself insured the project.

Eiffel Tower

Since then, more than million tourists have visited the tower. All of that work paid off spectacularly in the construction. It was completed on March 31,at a cost of 7, French gold francs. It was envisioned after discussion about a suitable centrepiece for the proposed Exposition Universellea world's fair to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution.

They wanted Eiffel himself to pay the balance, which he agreed to do provided he was allowed complete control over the tower and its profits for twenty years. Submit blog-spam or exclusively self promote your own websites. After being exhausted from the cylinder, the water was pumped back up to the reservoir by two pumps in the machinery room at the base of the south leg.The Eiffel company's design won, and construction of the wrought-iron tower began in July But not everyone in Paris was thrilled with the idea of a giant metal monument looming over the city.

Eiffel Tower Engineering Stands the Test of Time

Discussion: Eiffel Tower Commentary " the tower was the greatest affront not only to the architecture of Paris, but also to the eye of the Parisian, for whom its structural logic and revolutionary aesthetic language were incomprehensible. The commission was granted to Eiffel et Compagnie, a consulting and construction firm owned by the acclaimed bridge builder, architect and metals expert Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel.

The Eiffel tower was revolutionary for its use of iron and rivets, breaking with the masonry architecture that had dominated cities in this period, and for its astonishing height – it was the tallest building in the world at the time of its construction, and maintained the record for 40 years after its erection.

Facts About the Eiffel Tower Conceived inconstruction of the tower began in and involved some 50 engineers, iron workers, and construction workers.

The Eiffel Tower

It was completed on March 31,at a cost of 7, French gold francs. Although it was eventually named for Gustave Eiffel, the Eiffel Tower’s design was initially conceived by three of his employees.

Eiffel Tower Engineering Stands the Test of Time

The initial sketches and calculations of the proposed tower were made by office manager Emile Nouguier and engineer Maurice Koechlin .

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A discussion of the design construction and the architect of the eiffel tower
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