We should also remember what the number of deaths implies in terms of the number of wounded. One could argue that by calculating mortality separately for different social groups, Kiernan has addressed this issue.
Moreover, there is no reason to assume that the PRK's researchers were completely lacking in common sense. Furthermore, because of this policy, the population has fundamentally changed their ideas of the family.
Many regions of the world where women are expected to have as many as 6 children in her lifetime are being educated in family planning to reduce their population. Rates of maltreatment in military families far outpaced the rates among non-military families after the U.
Naturally, there were no statistics on births compiled during the Khmer Rouge years; but it is possible to estimate the number of births based on the age structure of the population, as reflected in later census data.
Studies in Brazil, Mexico, and Uganda have found that pedestrians would rather cross a dangerous road than go out of their way to take a pedestrian bridge, even though such preferences increased their exposure to injury risk.
Developing countries no longer have a big demand for large families. Yathay pointed out that in Pursat in mass graves were for those who died of hunger and illness, while executions took place in isolation in the forest.
It is also possible that some of those who were believed to have died might have resettled abroad. They get fewer than the minimum amount of calories needed for good health and growth. Several of the parameters in Heuveline's formulas cannot be fixed with precision, but they can be approximated.
It is widely accepted that the destruction brought by the American bombing led many peasants to side with the Khmer Rouge.
The survey methodology Kiernan relies on is marred by a subtle flaw: A cohesive national structure does not exist and in most cases the individual aid-groups are unaware of projects in other states.
As often as not, it is subsequently possible to locate this former Khmer Rouge security cadre for follow-up interviews. When questioned about the Pol Pot years, most Cambodians will immediately begin listing names: Moving from left to right along the J, we see a relatively high incidence of mortality immediately after birth i.
The generally accepted figures for the pre-war death rate would suggest arounddeaths. In the absence of any precise data, I would regard the median - 6. It is important to remember that neither Kiernan nor Heuveline relies on population figures for a direct estimate. Adjusting this figure to account for war deaths, changes in fertility and infant mortality rates, and the impact of the famine, Heuveline concluded that the number of excess deaths during the Khmer Rouge regime was probably around 2 million.
By studying the sizes of these birth cohort groups, and projecting trends forward and backward from census totals, Heuveline calculated excess mortality for the entire period between and Almost a third are women, nearly the same number are young people and children, and 39 per cent are men.
As if the statistics weren’t bad enough, BAG estimates that a further one million people are under threat of homelessness or living in sub-standard housing.
As well, it examines the pattern of family size by various socio-demographic variables, and the association between family size (number of children) and the likelihood of specific health-related outcomes (such as having a partner, having less than high school education, being unemployed, and perceiving one's health to be "good to excellent") in.
Studies from countries around the world suggest that up to 80 to 98 % of children suffer physical punishment in their homes, and it is estimated that 57, children under the age of 15 die as a result of physical abuse per year.
With increased migration and family breakdowns Vietnamese children are at greater risk of abuse, exploitation, violence and neglect. In40 per cent of children living in rural areas were poor, compared with about 10 per cent of children living in cities.
Demographics are important for every country.
Records of marriages, births, deaths, emigration and immigration are key information needed in creating national policy.
), the average number of children per family is only children under 18 per household. So this isn't even necessary, because Americans aren't .Download